RK3568 and RK3588 motherboard

Difference between RK3568 and RK3588 motherboard

With the rapid development of technology, processors are the core components of computers and electronic devices, and their performance improvement plays a vital role in the functions and user experience of devices. In the processor market, the RK3568 processor will soon replace the RK3288 processor. So, what is the difference between RK3568 and RK3588 motherboards?

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RK3568 Motherboard

RK3568 is a mid-to-high-end general-purpose SoC produced by Rockchip. It adopts 22nm advanced process technology, integrates 4-core arm architecture A55 processor and Mali G52 2EE graphics processor, and supports 4K decoding and 1080P encoding. RK3568 supports various types of peripheral interfaces such as SATA/PCIE/USB3.0 and has a built-in independent NPU, which can be used for lightweight artificial intelligence applications.

The RK3568 quad-core core board is developed based on the Rockchip RK3568 series Quad-core ARM Cortex-A55 processor. The processor integrates the latest high-performance CPU, GPU, and VPU. In addition, RK3568 series processors also integrate USB 2.0, USB 3.0, Gigabit Ethernet, CAN-BUS, HDM, VDS, and other interfaces.

RK3568 and RK3588 motherboard

This series of core boards have strong performance and rich functional interfaces and is suitable for many application scenarios such as medical display, large touch screen monitor, industrial automation, edge gateways, and artificial intelligence.

Main feature

  • High-performance processor: adopts quad-core A55 architecture CPU, G52 GPU; built-in NPU, which can provide 1T computing power.
  • High-reliability design: support DDR and CPU Cache full link ECC.
  • Built-in self-developed ISP image processor: 8M@30fps processing capability, powerful HDR function, supports distortion correction, defogging, noise elimination, and other functions.
  • Abundant display, peripherals, and expansion interfaces: built-in HDMI/eDP/LVDS/MIPI/RGB/T-CON display interface, support multiple displays; support 10xUART, 6x I2C, 16x PWM, 4x SPI, 3x CAN, 8xADC; support PCIe 3.0 and PCIe2.0, dual Gigabit Ethernet, SATA3.0 and USB3.0 and other flexible high-speed expansion interfaces.
RK3568 and RK3588 motherboard
  • Powerful video encoding and decoding capabilities: support 4K H.264/H.265/VP9 and other formats of high-definition decoding, support 1080p 60fps H.264 and H.265 format encoding.

RK3588 Motherboard

RK3588 is a general-purpose SoC with ARM architecture, which integrates the typically large and small core architecture of quad-core Cortex-A76 and quad-core Cortex-A55 CPU. The GPU is equipped with G610 MP4 GPU, which can run complex graphics processing smoothly. Embedded 3D GPU Make RK3588 fully compatible with OpenGLES 1.1, 2.0, and 3.2, OpenCL up to 2.2, and Vulkan1.2. A special 2D hardware engine with MMU will maximize display performance and provide very smooth operation.

RK3568 and RK3588 motherboard

And the NPU with 6 TOPs computing power empowers various AI scenarios, providing various possibilities for local offline AI computing in complex scenarios, complex video stream analysis, and other applications. Built-in a variety of powerful embedded hardware engines, support 8K@60fps H.265 and VP9 decoders, 8K@30fps H.264 decoders, and 4K@60fps AV1 decoders; support 8K@30fps H.264 and H.265 encoder, high-quality JPEG encoder/decoder, dedicated image pre-processor and post-processor.

Main feature

1. Computing: RK3588 integrates quad-core ACortex-A76 and quad-core Cortex-A55, G610 MP4 graphics processor, and a separate NEON coprocessor. Integrating the third-generation NPU self-developed by Rockchip, the computing power is as high as 6TOPS, which can meet the computing power requirements of most artificial intelligence models.

2. Perception: support multi-camera input, ISP3.0, high-quality audio;

3. Display: support multi-screen display, 8K high-quality image, 3D display, etc.;

4. Video processing: support 8k video and multi-channel 4k codec;

5. Communication: support multiple PCIe2.0 and PCIe3.0, USB3.0, Gigabit Ethernet and other high-speed interfaces;

6. In terms of the operating system: Android12 is currently supported, and Linux and domestic OS will be developed in succession in the future;

RK3568 and RK3588 motherboard

Specification comparison:

Processor Rockchip RK3588 Rockchip RK3568
Market (main) Single-board computer Single-board computer
ISA ARMv8-A (64-bit) ARMv8.2-A (64-bit)
Microarchitecture Cortex-A76, Cortex-A55 Cortex-A55
Family RK3500 RK3500
Part number(s), S-Spec RK3588 RK3568
Release date 2021 Q4 2020 Q2
Lithography 8 nm LP 22 nm
Cores 8 4
Threads 8 4
Base frequency 1,8 GHz 2,0 GHz
Turbo Frequency 2,4 GHz -
Energy cores 4x ARM Cortex-A55 @ 1,8 GHz -
High-performance cores 4x ARM Cortex-A76 @ 2,4 GHz 4x ARM Cortex-A55 @ 2,0 GHz
Cache memory 3MB 256KB
Max memory capacity 32GB 8GB
Memory types LPDDR4, LPDDR4X, LPDDR5 LPDDR4-1600
Max PCIe lanes 4 1
TDP 12 W 5 W
GPU integrated graphics ARM Mali-G610 MP4 ARM Mali-G52 2EE MC2
GPU execution units 4 2
GPU shading units 64 32
GPU base clock 600 MHz -
GPU boost clock 600 MHz 820 MHz
GPU FP32 floating point 610,6 GFLOPS 54,4 GFLOPS
Socket SoC SoC
Drystone MIPS 131.342 DMIPS 22.736 DMIPS
AI accelerator AI Accelerator, NPU 3.0 AI accelerator RKNN NPU
AI computing operations per seconds 6 TOPS 0,8 TOPS
Crypto engine - Cipher Engine, SHA-1, SHA-256/224, SHA-512/384, MD5, AES-128, AES-192, AES-256, DES, TDES, TRNG
Max display resolution 8K@60fps 4K@60fps
Video decoding H.265/H.264 8K@60fps, 4K@120fps H.265/H.264/VP9 4K@60fps
Video encoding H.265/H.264 8K@30fps H.265/H.264 1080p@60fps
Max camera ISP 24 MP + 24 MP -
Max video capture Dual MIPI-CSI MIPI-CSI
Modem 1000Mbps RJ45 Ethernet Gigabit Ethernet
Connectivity USB 2.0, USB 3.1 Type-C, HDMI 2.1, PCIe 3.0 SATA 3.0, eMMC, HDMI 2.0, USB 3.0, USB 2.0
Wi-Fi Wi-Fi 2.4GHz/5GHz WiFi 6 (802.11ax)
Bluetooth Bluetooth 4.2 Bluetooth 5.0
PassMark CPU Mark 6.124 1.186
(Android) Geekbench 4 single core 2.423 875
(Android) Geekbench 4 multi-core 8.162 2.375
(Android) Geekbench 5 single core 508 161
(Android) Geekbench 5 multi-core 2.235 492
(SGEMM) GFLOPS performance 72,1 GFLOPS 21,2 GFLOPS
(Multi-core / watt performance) Performance /watt ratio 680 pts / W 475 pts / W

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Power consumption is listed (at 12V) as 1.35W idle, 4.8W normal, and 20W max.